Oats

Oats were once considered a simple feed grain, but today they are used in milling for human consumption, as premium feed for race horses, in pharmaceuticals and as birdseed. In Canada, about 3 million acres are cropped annually. Canada is the world’s largest oat exporter, however oat production has steadily declined in recent years as it has been replaced by other high value crops such as oilseeds. While higher yielding varieties are being developed, new markets are needed to order to increase demand.


Seed variety, treatment important for disease management


Oats are susceptible to a variety of diseases, but the risk for disease damage can be managed with the appropriate tools. Seed treatments are available for the control of seedling blight and smut diseases carried on the seed. While newer varieties have increased rust resistance, older varieties have limited resistance to crown rust (leaf rust) and serious yield losses can occur, especially on late planted crops. To control rust, a foliar fungicide can be used. Other diseases include fusarium and barley yellow dwarf, a virus that can cause significant yield loss.


Raxil
Raxil® seed treatments provide you with first-class disease control and a stronger, faster emergence that helps your field realize its full potential. Raxil lays the groundwork for a successful season.
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Folicur EW
From flag leaf timing, right through to heading, Folicur® EW fungicide provides proven disease protection for oats.
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Control weeds to protect grade


Weeds in oats can reduce both yield and the end quality of the crop. Some weeds, such as other volunteer cereal crops, other grains and wild oats, cannot be separated from the grain and are considered foreign matter. This results in downgrading and a reduction in crop value. The best way to manage those weeds is through proper crop rotation and other cultural strategies that help keep oat fields free from weeds before the crop is seeded. While pre-seed burnoffs are often used to manage grassy weeds, only broadleaf herbicides can be used in-crop.


Buctril M
For over 50 years Buctril® M herbicide has delivered reliable, fast-acting control of more than 28 broadleaf weeds.
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Integrated pest management to control and protect from insects


Oats are generally not targeted by a wide variety of insects, so insect damage is mild in comparison to other crops. Damage can be minimized with the use of an integrated management approach that includes cultural practices combined with the proper use of insecticides. Common insect pests include armyworms, whose almost mature larvae can damage cereals in mid-July. Cutworms are usually present below economic threshold levels, but can be an issue in some years. Other insects that can harm oats are grasshoppers, the wheat stem maggot and wireworms.

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