Preserving Grain Quality
You spend months planning for the upcoming field season. You consider a myriad of things including rotation, fertility, pest concerns and how it translates into overall profitability.
In this planning process more and more growers are also considering taking steps to maintain the quality of their grain, realizing the importance this has on their bottom line.
Some things are out of your control, but managing disease is not.
See what the numbers say about Prosaro's® impact on grade
Learn how Prosaro can help you manage the spreading threat of fusarium graminearum (responsible for fusarium head blight)
Grow your knowledge of fusarium graminearum in cereal crops
Make the Most of Your Cereal Crops by Ensuring the Highest Grade Possible
It is not only disease that can downgrade grain. Colour, protein content, plumpness and moisture levels also play a factor in assessing grain quality, another factor is test weight (more commonly known as bushel weight).
See how Bayer can help ensure top dollar for your wheat and barley crops.
Fusarium head blight (FHB) is one of the most dreaded diseases for Canadian cereal growers as the pathogen has negative implications on not only yield, but also grade.
Numbers Don’t Lie
6 Years of Fungicide DST Quality Data
As little as 0.25% fusarium damaged kernels (FDKs) in your CWRS can downgrade you to a 2, with anything above 0.8% moving you down to a 3. Both Prosaro and Folicur®EW provide protection against FHB and consequently lowers FDK counts which downgrades your grain.
Fusarium graminearum, the primary pathogen responsible for fusarium head blight across most of Western Canada produces a mycotoxin – deoxynivalenol (DON) also referred to as vomitoxin, which can form within the harvested grain. DON has negative health implications if consumed by either humans or livestock, thereby reducing the marketability of your grain.
Fusarium Management Tips: Keys to an Effective Plan
Once fusarium graminearum becomes established in an area, all that is needed for development of this disease is sufficient moisture and temperature combined with a susceptible host. There are many things that are out of your control but there are things you can do to reduce your risk.
Use clean, healthy seed. Cleaning seed and having seed tested for germination and the presence of fusarium graminearum will slow the spread of the pathogen into your production area.
Protect your seed with a seed treatment. The first step before planting is to protect with a seed treatment containing a registered fungicide that protects against the genus fusarium. Proper application of a seed treatment is essential in maximizing your protection against disease.
Use rotation strategies. Alternating between non-susceptible crops can help prevent the development and spread of fusarium graminearum.
Guard against field-to-field movement. Avoid planting small grain cereals next to fields where elevated levels of fusarium graminearum have been identified the year prior.
Boost seeding rates. This promotes a more uniform stand, reduced tillering and a shorter total flowering period for the crop, which reduces the total time your field is susceptible to infection.
Stagger planting dates. By spreading out seeding dates, you allow your various cereal crops to flower at different times, thereby reducing your overall FHB infection risk.
Variety selection. Use the least susceptible seed varieties that have an agronomic fit in your area to reduce the risk of FHB.
Residue management. To speed up the decomposition of infested crop residue, growers can use methods like chopping, uniform spread and distribution of straw. Growers are also advised to remove any loose crop residue from all equipment before leaving an infested field.
Fungicide application at head timing. Using a registered fungicide that targets fusarium not only reduces FHB damage and preserves grade, but also decreases fusarium levels in your seed for the next year.